National Safety Counsel
An emergency situation on
the road can arise at any time and you must be prepared.
Try to keep a full tank of gas if
bad weather is expected as
well as having fresh anti-freeze in the radiator.
Carry the following items in your trunk:
spare tire, wheel wrench and jack.
Tire Chains or Spike
Bag of salt, gravel,
sand or cat litter
First Aid Kit
Flashlight and extra
high-energy foods like unsalted canned nuts and hard
Woolen Gloves, socks
If you become
Do not leave your car
unless you know exactly where you are and how far it
is to possible help.
To attract attention,
light two flares and place one at each end of the
car a safe distance away.
If your are sure the
car's exhaust pipe is not blocked, run the engine
and heater for about 10 minutes every hour or so
depending upon the amount of gas in the tank.
Keep at least one
window open slightly. Heavy snow and ice can
seal a car shut.
Eat a hard candy to
keep your mouth moist
The Weather Channel
Driving safely on icy roads
Decrease your speed
and leave yourself plenty of room to stop. You
should allow at least three times more space than
usual between you and the car in front of you.
Brake gently to avoid
skidding. If your wheels start to lock up,
ease off the brake.
Turn on your lights to
increase your visibility to other motorists.
Keep your lights and
Use low gears to keep
traction, especially on hills.
Be especially careful
on bridges, overpasses and infrequently traveled
roads, which will freeze first. Even at
temperatures above freezing. If the conditions
are wet, you might encounter ice in shady areas or
on exposed roadways like bridges.
Don't pass snow plows
and gravel trucks. The drivers have limited
visibility and you're likely to find the road in
front of them worse than the road behind.
Don't assume your
vehicle can handle all conditions. Even
four-wheel and front-wheel drive vehicles can
encounter trouble on winter roads.
If your rear wheels skid...
Take your foot off the
Steer in the direction
you want the front wheels to go. If your rear
wheels are sliding left, steer left. If
they're sliding right, steer right.
If your rear wheels
start sliding the other way as you recover, ease the
steering wheel toward that side. You might
have to steer left and right a few times to get your
vehicle completely under control.
If you have standard
brakes, pump them gently.
If you have anti-lock
brakes (ABS), do not pump the brakes. Apply
steady pressure to the brakes. You will feel
the brakes pulse--this is normal.
If your front wheels skid...
Take your foot off the
gas and shift to neutral, but don't try to steer
As the wheels skid
sideways, they will slow the vehicle and traction
will return. As it does, steer in the
direction you want to go. Then put the
transmission in "drive" or release the clutch, and
If you get stuck...
Do not spin your
wheels. This will only dig you in deeper.
Turn your wheels from
side to side a few times to push snow out of the
Use a light touch on
the gas to ease your car out.
Use a shovel to clear
snow away from the wheels and the underside of the
Pour sand, kitty
litter, gravel or salt in the path of the wheels to
help get traction.
Try rocking the
vehicle. (Check your owner's manual first - it
can damage the transmission on some vehicles.)
Shift from forward to reverse and back again.
Each time you're in gear, give a light touch on the
gas until the vehicle gets going.
Donations to VFCCI